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happy reads

The Tale of Potato Chips

We all love potato chips! But where did they come from? Was it an accidental hit or is there a story?

Let’s read and find out!

  • The credit for this great invention goes to George Crum, a chef who worked at Moon Lake Lodge, a resort in Saratoga Springs, New York
  • He was getting a lot of complaints from his customers. They said the fried potatoes were too soggy and did not taste good!
  • He wanted to teach them a lesson. So, he sliced the potatoes really thin and fried them till they were very hard and added heaps of salt to them. He thought the customers would be really unhappy
  • The customers loved the new fried potato slices. They loved the crunchy feel and the salt on top. And voila! potato chips were born
  • A lot of restaurants in the US started selling potato chips at the start of the 19th century. They became more and more popular

How did potato chips last so long?

  • It was hard to store the chips as they broke inside the paper bags. Laura Scudder, a business owner of Monterey Park, California, in 1926 came up with an idea to hand-iron sheets of wax paper into bags. These bags were then filled with potato chips and sealed with a warm iron

Which was the first big company?

  • It was ‘Frito Lay – Wikimedia Commons‘. Owned by Herman Lay, it was the first big company to set up factories and sell potato chips all over the US. The potato chips were sold under the brand name Lay’s Potato Chips, which now belongs to Pepsi

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happy reads

Did You Know the Origin of the Word ‘Shampoo’?

Do you use shampoo to shampoo your hair? You see, the word shampoo has been used twice in this sentence. Can you guess why? It is because the word ‘shampoo’ has two meanings – it is used both as a noun and a verb in a sentence. 

In the first instance, where the word is used as a noun, it indicates a hair care product (a liquid cleaner) that is used for washing and cleaning hair. The other meaning, where the word is used as a verb, refers to the actual action of washing the hair.

Can you guess its country of origin?

  • The word ‘Shampoo’ originated in India. Ancient Indians were the first to use shampoo, which was made from herbs and soapnuts
  • ‘Shampoo’ comes from the Hindi word champo (चाँपो ), another form of the word champna (चाँपना ), which means ‘to press, knead’
  • This Hindi word, in turn, comes from the Sanskrit word chapayati (चपयति ) which also means ‘to pound, knead’

Initially, the word shampoo meant just washing hair. Later on, it came to mean the liquid itself and finally, the meaning got extended to the act of washing other things, such as carpets, etc.

DID YOU KNOW?

Sheikh Din Muhammad (also known as Sake Dean Mahomed), an Indian traveler, surgeon, and businessman was the first to introduce the practice of ‘champoing’ or “shampooing” to Britain in 1814.

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happy reads

What is Poetry?

“Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings; it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.” – William Wordsworth

Poetry is a type of writing in which words are carefully arranged to create rhythm. In many ways, a poem is just like a song. It is a creative form of expression, where the language and the tone add colors to the words and make it interesting to read, recite and hear. Some well-known Indian poets are Rabindranath Tagore, Sarojini Naidu, Mira Bai and Kabir Das among others.

Nursery rhymes are also a form of simple poems. The rhythms are so exciting that children love to dance and move while singing those rhymes. Some poems are fun to act out also. Have you heard of this one?

The itsy-bitsy spider climbed up the waterspout.

Down came the rain

and washed the spider out.

Out came the sun

and dried up all the rain

and the itsy-bitsy spider climbed up the spout again.

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daily buzz

This Game is Played by 605 Million Adults Regularly

Do you like to play chess? There is no game so fascinating and intriguing as chess. In chess, the ultimate goal is to capture your opponent’s king while keeping your own safely guarded. So, what happens when you do that? You win and you shout out checkmate!

Checkmate is one of the final moves in chess. In this, a player’s king is directly attacked by the opponent and the king has no legal moves to avoid the threat. The attacking player thus wins the game.

Let’s find out the history of the word ‘checkmate‘.

  • Chess is believed to have originated in India about 1500 years ago. However, at that time, the rules indicated that the king could be captured
  • The idea of ‘checking’ or restricting the king came after the game had spread to Persia (ancient Iran). Since then, this has become the accepted rule
  • The word ‘checkmate’ is believed to have come from the Persian phrase shāh māt which means ‘the King is helpless’
  • The phrase reflects the original intention of the game, which is not to kill a king but to leave him with no choice but to surrender

Today, the term ‘checkmate’ is also used when someone has scored a strong and strategic victory (in anything).

Categories
happy reads

How did Bicycles Come to India?

There was a time when animals such as horses served as a means of transport and then, much later, we had bicycles to help us with our daily commute. Have you ever wondered how bicycles came to India? 

The bicycle was first brought to India by the British. A German named Karl Von Drais had invented it in 1817.

  • Karl Von Drais called his newly invented bicycle the ‘running machine’ or the ‘hobby horse’
  • The hobby horse had 2 large wheels and a steering handlebar
  • This machine was invented so that people could use something other than horses

Over the next 60 years, the look of the bicycle changed many times.

By 1884, the ‘Penny-farthing ‘ bicycle had one large front wheel and a much smaller rear wheel.

British manufacturers such as BSA started selling bicycles in India in large numbers.

  • In the late 1800s, bicycles were only found in hill stations in India
  • Initially, only men were allowed to use it. However, later, women could also use them
  • Later on, bicycle use became very popular among the common people