Emmanuelle Charpentier (of France) and Jennifer A. Doudna (of the US) won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their groundbreaking work in developing a tool for genome editing.
A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) structures. DNA contains the biological and genetic code of organisms required to make each species unique from the other.
Charpentier and Doudna have made history as this is the first time two female scientists have shared the Nobel prize in science without a male copartner.
They have been working on this project for nearly nine years. Their discovery, Crispr-Cas9 or genetic scissors, will help scientists worldwide to make changes to the DNA sequence or modify gene function. This new genetic scissor is capable of cutting strands of DNA and correcting congenital disabilities.
This technology could be used even to treat cancer and cure other illnesses as well.