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A Pizza Cooked on a Volcano!

The volcano of Guatemala, South America named Pacaya has been active since February 2021. It is being looked upon closely by the officials and people living nearby. 

However, for a man named David Garcia, this volcano has become his kitchen. He serves up ‘Pacaya Pizza’ that is cooked on the hot volcanic rock to surprise tourists and locals.

Let’s find out how Garcia has turned this volcano into his kitchen:

  • He uses the hot volcanic rock to cook pizzas
  • Davis wears special clothes to protect himself from the heat while he cooks the pizzas
  • He makes them with lots of cheese, tomato sauce and meat too

David’s pizzas have become quite famous, especially among tourists. Visitors enjoy the amazing experience of seeing the pizza cook on the smouldering volcano rock. 

Did you know?

Pizza was first made in Naples, Italy.

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happy reads

Why Do We Celebrate World Biodiversity Day?

The International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated on the 22nd of May every year to raise global awareness about the need to protect biological resources. It is a part of the UN’s Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals.

According to the UN, around 1.6 billion people depend on forests, and more than 3 billion depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. Hence, the conservation of the Earth’s species is the need of the hour and extremely vital to ensuring our own survival.

What is biodiversity?

  • Biodiversity or biotic diversity refers to the variety of life (plant and animal) found in a particular habitat on Earth
  • A common measure of this variety is the count of species in an area (called species richness)
  • For example, the forests of Colombia and Kenya have more than 1,000 species of birds. On the other hand, the forests of Great Britain and eastern North America are home to fewer than 200

Why is biodiversity important?

  • Biodiversity is the foundation upon  which humans build civilizations
  • All animals and plants depend on one another to survive 
  • All of us are a part of one big circle. If any part of that circle is broken, it affects everyone
  • Without biodiversity, humans would have no food, air, water, medicines and so much more

The theme for the day this year is “We’re part of the solution“, which focuses on the importance of our role to ensure that we save biodiversity.

‘When biodiversity has a problem, humanity has a problem’ – UN

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happy reads

This Photo Won the International Wildlife Photography Award

Thomas Vijayan’s spectacular photo of an orangutan clinging to a tree has won him the prestigious International Wildlife Photography Award. The picture is called The World is Going Upside Down.

To capture this amazing shot, Vijayan waited for hours in the island of Borneo. 

To get the sky’s reflection and create the upside-down effect, Vijayan selected a tree that was half immersed in water.

This photo was selected from over 8,000 other photos.

Vijayan’s photo also won first place in the ‘Animals in Their Habitat’ category.

Here are some facts about orangutans:

  • Orangutans are great apes found in the rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia
  • They have long arms and short legs
  • They also have reddish-brown hair covering their bodies
  • These apes are known to be extremely intelligent

But the sad truth is that there are very few of them alive today. So, as responsible citizens, we must do our bit to protect these great apes. 

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Do Facebook and Google need to Pay for News?

A few months back, Australia had passed a new law in the interest of the publishers of news content! According to this law, technology-based companies like Facebook and Google need to pay for news that they publish on their platform. 

Tech companies were using news content for free so far. The News Media and Digital Platforms Mandatory Bargaining Code, which was passed recently, would save the news biz by ensuring fair remuneration for them. 

The Australian government has asked Facebook and Google to settle a price with news publishers whose content they use. 

Both these social media heavyweights have pushed back from the law.

Google said that it would remove the “search” button on Google Chrome in Australia, whereas Facebook shut down news pages in Australia last week.

Despite the retaliation by tech companies, news publishers can now look forward to monetizing their news flow.

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happy reads

Why Do We Celebrate National Mathematics Day?

National Mathematics Day (India) is celebrated on 22 December to raise awareness about Mathematics. The day aims to motivate students to learn maths.

Why is it celebrated on 22 December?

  • It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the renowned Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. He was born on 22 December 1887
  • On the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary, Dr Manmohan Singh, in 2012, had declared this day as National Mathematics Day
  • Additionally, 2012 was announced as the National Mathematics Year

Generally, competitions, rapid fires, maths quizzes are conducted in schools, colleges, and universities to celebrate this day.

DID YOU KNOW?

Srinivasa Ramanujan is also known as the ‘man who knew infinity’.

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daily buzz

Sunil Chhetri Beats Messi

Did you know that Indian footballer Sunil Chhetri has become the second-highest goalscorer in international football? He is currently the captain of the Indian men’s football team. 

Let’s look into the highlights of his latest match:

  • Chhetri scored two goals against Bangladesh in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers and defeated Bangladesh by 2-0
  • This was India’s first win in a World Cup qualifier in 20 years

With this, India has qualified for the Asian Cup in China in 2023.

Let’s have an insight into the records of the top goal scorers:

  • Chhetri has 74 goals in international football and is only behind Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo (103 goals) in the active international goal-scorers list
  • Ali Mabkhout of the UAE (United Arab Emirates) is third on the list with 73 goals to his name
  • In the fourth position, we have Argentina’s Lionel Messi (72 goals)

So, the all-time top goalscorer of the Indian national football team, Sunil Chhetri, is now just a goal away from entering the top-10!

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daily buzz

Blue Origin’s Rocket Ready to Take Off

Did you know Jeff Bezos is the richest man in the world?

The founder of the famous e-commerce company Amazon, Jeff Bezos, started an aerospace company in 2000. This company was named Blue Origin.

Let’s get to know more about Blue Origin and its first flight:

  • On 20 July 2021, Blue Origin is launching its first flight to space that will carry passengers. including Jeff Bezos himself
  • Jeff Bezos’s brother, Mark, will also be on the flight
  • The rocket for the space mission is called New Shepard, and it will be a reusable spacecraft with six seats
  • This flight aims to reach almost 100 km above the Earth in 11 minutes 

Apart from this, Blur Origin is developing another rocket that will send satellites into space and beyond.

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happy reads

Midwinter Joy at China’s Harbin Ice Festival

Harbin, a city in northeastern China, hosts the annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival every year. It started in the year 1985 and is believed to be the world’s largest winter festival.

Let’s know more about this exciting festival:

  • It originated from Harbin’s traditional ice lantern show and garden party (popular in the 1960s) and Heilongjiang’s International Ski Festival
  • The festival starts on 5 January every year and lasts for about a month
  • More than 12-15 countries participate in this annual competition
  •  Artists create sculptures from the snow of the Songhua River and exhibit them. They use various types of tools to create these sculptures. Deionized water makes the sculptures transparent. They also add multicolor lights for the evening shows.
  • The highlights of this festival are grand sculptures, ice lantern exhibitions at night, skiing and winter swimming in the Songhua River.

The theme this year was ‘Magical Harbin, Ice Snow Charming China‘. 

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Two Female Scientists Jointly Awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Emmanuelle Charpentier (of France) and Jennifer A. Doudna (of the US) won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their groundbreaking work in developing a tool for genome editing

genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) structures. DNA contains the biological and genetic code of organisms required to make each species unique from the other. 

Charpentier and Doudna have made history as this is the first time two female scientists have shared the Nobel prize in science without a male copartner.

They have been working on this project for nearly nine years. Their discovery, Crispr-Cas9 or genetic scissors, will help scientists worldwide to make changes to the DNA sequence or modify gene function. This new genetic scissor is capable of cutting strands of DNA and correcting congenital disabilities. 

This technology could be used even to treat cancer and cure other illnesses as well.

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daily buzz

Who Became the 76th President of the UN?

Did you know that the United Nations General Assembly is one of the six organs of the United Nations?

Let’s read up on the functions of the UNGA:

  • Oversees the UN budget
  • Appoints the Secretary-General of the UN as well as other non-permanent members of the Security Council 

Every year, a new President is elected for the United Nations General Assembly. It is the first time that someone from the Maldives has been selected for this post.

Let’s read more about the newly-elected UNGA President:

  • Abdulla Shahid has been elected as the new President of the UNGA
  • He is currently the foreign minister of the Maldives
  • Shahid will take over from the current President, Volkan Bozkır of Turkey
  • He won the election with an overwhelming three-fourths majority

The post of UNGA President is rotated amongst different regional groupings. This time, it was the turn of the Asia-Pacific group, which includes the Maldives.