‘Mesopotamia’ literally means the land between two rivers.
When we talk about ‘Mesopotamia’, we refer to the section of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Mesopotamia is often called the ‘cradle of civilization’ because it was the first place where people abandoned their nomadic lifestyle to build complex urban centers (permanent homes).
Mesopotamia used to be where modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, Turkey and Syria are present.
A quick read on the Mesopotamian civilization:
- The Sumerians invented writing and the system of government. Sumerian writing, government, and culture would make it easier for future civilizations to develop
- The Akkadians formed the first united empire. Their language replaced the Sumerian language during their time.
- The Babylonians became the most powerful city in Mesopotamia.‘Babylon’ means ‘Gate of God’ or ‘Gate of the Gods’
- The Assyrians were a warrior society. They ruled over the Middle East at different periods in history
- The Persians put an end to the rule of the Assyrians and the Babylonians. They went on to conquer much of the Middle East including Mesopotamia
DID YOU KNOW?
The ancient Mesopotamians developed sanitation techniques, the Pythagorean Theorem, and glass!