We have all heard of the infamous cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union, but what was that all about? And, most importantly, why did it happen? Let us read further to find out!
The United States and the Soviet Union became the two superpowers in the world after the Second World War.
Their Belief and Principle
- They believed in different socio-economic models – the United States followed the principles of capitalism while the Soviet Union believed in socialism
What did they do?
- They were both extremely powerful countries and forced other countries to join forces with one of them
Were they in a state of war?
- There was never ever really a war between the two powerful nations
- Small wars were fought in other countries like Afghanistan, South Korea and Vietnam around that time
- They built powerful weapons and continued to threaten each other.
- They followed a policy called MAD – Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD was a military theory that stopped USA and USSR from using nuclear weapons in the war)
Why was it named the ‘Cold War’?
George Orwell called this war The Cold War. The war got its name because both sides were fighting each other indirectly without declaring a war on each other. It was during this time that the term ‘superpower’ was coined. The cold war came to an end after the Soviet Union broke up in the 1990s.