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daily buzz

This Game is Played by 605 Million Adults Regularly

Do you like to play chess? There is no game so fascinating and intriguing as chess. In chess, the ultimate goal is to capture your opponent’s king while keeping your own safely guarded. So, what happens when you do that? You win and you shout out checkmate!

Checkmate is one of the final moves in chess. In this, a player’s king is directly attacked by the opponent and the king has no legal moves to avoid the threat. The attacking player thus wins the game.

Let’s find out the history of the word ‘checkmate‘.

  • Chess is believed to have originated in India about 1500 years ago. However, at that time, the rules indicated that the king could be captured
  • The idea of ‘checking’ or restricting the king came after the game had spread to Persia (ancient Iran). Since then, this has become the accepted rule
  • The word ‘checkmate’ is believed to have come from the Persian phrase shāh māt which means ‘the King is helpless’
  • The phrase reflects the original intention of the game, which is not to kill a king but to leave him with no choice but to surrender

Today, the term ‘checkmate’ is also used when someone has scored a strong and strategic victory (in anything).

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happy reads

How did Bicycles Come to India?

There was a time when animals such as horses served as a means of transport and then, much later, we had bicycles to help us with our daily commute. Have you ever wondered how bicycles came to India? 

The bicycle was first brought to India by the British. A German named Karl Von Drais had invented it in 1817.

  • Karl Von Drais called his newly invented bicycle the ‘running machine’ or the ‘hobby horse’
  • The hobby horse had 2 large wheels and a steering handlebar
  • This machine was invented so that people could use something other than horses

Over the next 60 years, the look of the bicycle changed many times.

By 1884, the ‘Penny-farthing ‘ bicycle had one large front wheel and a much smaller rear wheel.

British manufacturers such as BSA started selling bicycles in India in large numbers.

  • In the late 1800s, bicycles were only found in hill stations in India
  • Initially, only men were allowed to use it. However, later, women could also use them
  • Later on, bicycle use became very popular among the common people